Monitoring  >  24x7
24x7 SOBRIETY MONITORING PROGRAMS

 

The Northeast Florida Safety Council and the Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office launched the Duval County Florida pilot of the 24x7 Sobriety Monitoring Program in August 2014. 

 

The program was pioneered by former South Dakota Attorney General Larry Long and has now been in effect since February of 2005.

 

“The 24x7 program works like an electric fence works. The punishment is swift, 100% certain, but not severe. And that seems to be why the program is effective. I also think there is a therapeutic effect for offenders involved in a twice-daily program with a community of participants like themselves. They don’t feel singled out and they have others involved daily in addressing their addiction problem. It’s been gratifying to me to hear from family members of offenders who see a real difference in their son or daughter or spouse as they become sober again and are able to sustain it over time. I believe that the 24x7 sobriety program, which allows us to gather and analyze data related to these repeat offenders, will help us make real strides in the future in balancing punitive and treatment options that can help end the cycle and move people to permanent sobriety.” Former South Dakota Attorney General, and current circuit Judge Larry Long, South Dakota.

 

What do these programs do?

 

  • 24x7 Sobriety Monitoring Programs are a growing national trend − in which alcohol and other drug offenders are intensively monitored by various means to achieve extended sobriety.  The Program provides a commitment to working with chronic DUI and other substance abusers, with the goal of behavioral change and prevention of additional substance abuse related arrests.

  • While on the program:  participants remain in society, conduct their daily lives, work, pay their fees, and fulfill their responsibilities, as long as they are program compliant and pass the sobriety testing.

 

What do these programs include?

 

  • A focus on personal responsibility and accountability of the offender,

  • A focus on change of behavior/choices of the offender,

  • A focus on alcohol & other drug abstinence requirement of the offender,

  • Continued poly-substance use testing and monitoring of the offender,

  • Daily data collection and communication, using web-based client management software, and

  • Predetermined and immediate consequences for violations by the offender.

 

How have these programs been used in other states?

 

  • The 24x7 Sobriety Program is being used by the courts in several states as a condition of bond, for sentencing as a condition of probation, and in family courts for domestic violence, child welfare and related concerns. 

  • These programs have been implemented statewide, by Attorney’s Generals, local Sheriffs, the Courts, probation and parole, and Corrections departments.

 

Where else has this been implemented?

 

  • 24x7 statewide programs have been established in South Dakota, Washington, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming,  Alaska through demonstration programs and passing legislation.

  • Demonstration program(s) are currently in operation in Florida, Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa, Wisconsin, Nebraska, and some jurisdictions in the United Kingdom.

  • Demonstration programs and/or legislation are being pursued in:  Utah, Minnesota, Missouri, Hawaii, Georgia, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, and Texas.

     

    Why is this program chosen over other methods?

     

  • It works—the 24x7 Program has been shown through peer reviewed data to have long term positive impacts on reducing recidivism in repeat DUI participants.

  • This program provides less opportunity for tampering and manipulating the system because in this program, the monitoring operator is not the user for the vast majority of the participants. 

  • The monitoring options used in this program require face-to-face observation of the conducted test or are testing methodologies that remotely monitor sobriety if the offender cannot present to the testing site.

     

    What kinds of tests are used to make sure offenders are complying?

     

  • The 24x7 program uses several approved testing methodologies to measure use of alcohol or drugs to make sure that the participants are following the program guidelines. The tools the Judge can choose from include:

  • Personal breath testing (PBT) or evidentiary devices, recommended for twice-daily (seven days a week) for alcohol (this is the primary testing methodology**)

  • Trans-dermal alcohol monitoring (ankle bracelet)

  • Remote handheld alcohol monitoring

  • Drug sweat patches or Oral fluid testing

  • Urine or blood tests (random or scheduled)

     

Additionally, participants may be required by the court to use more than one testing/monitoring method.

 

**Of the tools available, PBTx2 is the most common monitoring tool used (85% of all alcohol testing).

 

How is an offender held accountable?

 

  • If participants do not show up for a scheduled test, or if a test shows consumption of alcohol or other drugs, then  probation, parole or bond may be instantly revoked and participant may be immediately jailed. Sanctions should be swift, certain, and measured.  Sanctions most often afford a reinstatement into the program.

 

Is the Program Cost- Effective?

 

  • The 24x7 program is based on a participant pay (user-funded) model with formal adopted rules and procedures.  The web-based 24x7 management software coordinates data, testing sites, and communicates information to all agencies that touch the system and administer the project.  No taxpayer dollars are necessary to operate.  Flexibility is built into the business model and allows the testing agency to utilize existing or new resources to maximize efficiencies.  Price points for testing have been kept low eliminating the need for indigence considerations by the courts.

 

Is this a proven program?  

 

  • Evidenced in a study by the RAND Corporation, South Dakota’s 24x7 Sobriety Project is showing favorable results in reducing problem drinking and improving public health outcomes. As published in the American Journal of Public Health in November 2012, the first year’s analysis of a four year study showed that between 2005 and 2010 there was a significant reduction in crashes, DUI recidivism (12%), a decline in domestic violence offenses (9%), and a positive effect on mortality for counties that adopted 24/7.  Additional analysis is being done on 30,000 participants, cost benefit analysis, and the impact on health care systems where 24/7 is implemented.  The peer reviewed and evidence based 24/7 publication by the RAND Corporation is available through the American Journal of Public Health. ** In South Dakota, 85% of the participants monitored for alcohol were on twice a day testing and 15% were placed on transdermal devices.   The Rand Study cited above was based on this distribution. 

 

http://www.rand.org/health/feature/24-7.html

  • In the Mountain Plains Evaluations, researchers documented the dramatic decrease in recidivism for multiple DUI offenders placed on the program.  The data was generated from participants that only participated in the twice a day testing portion of the program.  In further studies from the Mountain Plains firm, 24x7 alcohol testing studies confirmed that twice per day testing had lasting and long term positive effects on DUI recidivism versus use of a transdermal device. In contrast, studies consistently show that the IID has no long term effect on behavior change of the offender.   See study results at the link below:

http://apps.sd.gov/atg/dui247/247stats.htm

 

 

For more information about the Duval pilot, contact us at monitoringservices@nefsc.org, subject line 24x7 Sobriety Monitoring Program.